PhD candidate – International Law, University of Ottawa
Interests: The nature of the international legal framework governing official development assistance (IDCL – international law of development co-operation). Critical and post-colonial perspectives on international law. I am completing my doctorate in international law on the nature of the international legal framework governing official development assistance (IDCL – international law of development co-operation). My research draws from critical and post-colonial perspectives on international law. As part of my research, I aim to demonstrate how the contemporary legal framework on IDCL has its origins in the colonial era. I explore this through an examination of the EU’s legal aid architecture, and specifically in relation to the Cotonou Partnership Agreement.
Historian at the Canadian Museum of History in Gatineau, Québec.
Interests: Humanitarian History as it applies to public history initiatives (museum/archival exhibits, virtual exhibits, films, etc.) and possibilities for the collection of related 3-D material culture (artifacts).
Professor – History, Kings / University of Western Ontario
Interests: Human rights / Canadian Humanitarianism/ Publishing on Canada and Biafra shortly in a forthcoming collection
Undergraduate Research Assistant, Carleton University
Interests: Eleanor Barney is participating in the History Practicum internship course. Her current research goal is to provide a report of the history of the Partnership Africa Canada (PAC) to the Communications Director, Zuzia Danielski, for use with the group’s 30th anniversary plans.
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik
S.J.D Harvard Law School (2008), Research Professor in Humanitarian Studies (PRIO), Associate Professor Department of Criminology and Sociology of Law (UiO).
Interests: Sandvik’s socio-legal research focus on accountability and humanitarian governance (legalization, rights-based approaches, GBV, innovation and technology). She also works on refugee resettlement (Uganda) and IDP legal mobilization (Colombia).
PhD Candidate, Free University of Berlin, Transnational Studies
Interests: Oheneba is currently writing his dissertation on humanitarian norms and actions by the African Union. Beyond this, his research interests include humanitarianism, international relations of the global South, Global Studies, and international organizations.
Professor – Wilfrid Laurier University, History and Youth & Children’s Studies
Interests: How Canadian women have worked with and against the state to improve women’s rights, advocate for peace, and increase the safety of children and families endangered by militarization during the World Wars and Cold War
Professor Emeritus political economy – University of Toronto, former Director of Oxfam
Interests: Long time chair of Oxfam Canada and Vice Chair of Oxfam international, political economist; extensive experience in the conceptualization of humanitarian aid and its application. I am interested in both humanitarian aid as it and its elements (food, shelter, health etc.) are normally defined, but also in a more extensive linkage between this and broader human rights (gender equality, security/protection, sexual orientation, empowerment etc.) with the latter as an integral element in the content of aid.
Professor – History, Royal Military College
Interests: Canadian Cultural / Diplomatic history of Humanitarianism
Independent Researcher, Founder – Freedom From Hunger Project
Interests: Development of international humanitarianism in Canada and internationally since 1960. FAO’s Freedom From Hunger Campaign (FFHC), Canadian Hunger Foundation (CHF) and proliferation of NGOs as a result of FFHC and CHF. Narrative arc of international development movements and popular campaigns to raise awareness on the problem of hunger and poverty. I operate a voluntary research and outreach project designed to commemorate and further the goals of FFHC and to combat hunger and poverty.
Interests: International, Canadian history, military, naval history. I’m interested in how military history intersects with humanitarianism and negotiating the boundaries of public debate with respect to conflict and social well-being.
Part time professor – History, St. Mary’s University
Interests: Canadian foreign assistance / aid / Cold War Humanitarianism
PhD candidate, University of Washington in Seattle.
Interest: I am a former diplomat working on human rights in the U.S. Department of State and humanitarian assistance in the U.S. Agency for International Development.
PhD Candidate – History, Carleton University
Interests: Christine’s focus is on the negative impact of the drug thalidomide on Ghana, which was marketed from the mid-1950s to late 1961 by the German company Grünenthal as medication to alleviate morning sickness in pregnant women.
Associate Professor – University of Alberta
About: Dominique Clément is an Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of Alberta and an Adjunct Professor in the Departments of History & Classics and Educational Policy Studies. He is the author of Canada’s Rights Revolution, Equality Deferred and Human Rights in Canada. He is also the co-editor for Alberta’s Human Rights Story and Debating Dissent. Clément has been a Visiting Scholar in Australia and the United Kingdom, and is the author of numerous articles on the history of human rights, social movements and women’s history. He has consulted for the Canadian Human Rights Commission, Canadian Museum for Human Rights and the Canadian Heritage Information Network, and is currently on the Board of Directors for the Canadian Civil Liberties Association, Association for Canadian Studies, L’Institut d’études canadiennes de l’Université de l’Alberta, Centre for Constitutional Studies and the Canadian Committee on Women’s History. Clément manages an expansive website, www.HistoryOfRights.ca, which serves as a research and teaching portal on the history of human rights in Canada.
PhD candidate – History, Guelph
Interest: Natonal identity and popular perceptions of foreign aid in Canada since World War Two.
Ruth Compton Brouwer
Professor – History, University of Western Ontario
Interests: History of CUSO / Mission History / Humanitarianism and Gender
MfA candidate, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario
Interests: I’m currently an MFA candidate in the Documentary Media program in the Yeates School of Graduate Studies at Ryerson University in Toronto. For my main research, I’m pursuing a documentary project related to building collective memory among former Salvadoran refugees, forced into camps in Honduras during the civil war between 1980 and 1991. As a starting point, I’m exploring the archival photographs and refugee accounts gathered by Meyer Brownstone, Chair Emeritus of Oxfam Canada, during his visits to those refugee camps in the 1980s. Project completion will be Summer 2017.
Works: Find an early version of Peter’s current project here.
Former Director of Oxfam Canada and independent researcher
Sonya de Laat
PhD Candidate, Western University (formerly University of Western Ontario)
Interest: Research Coordinator in Humanitarian Health Ethics at McMaster University (John Pringle is a member of our extended team). My interests include cultural histories of visuals, particularly their roles in the constitution of humanitarian imaginations. I am exploring this claim in my dissertation through four case studies that reach back to the early days of photography and the inception of an international humanitarian movement.
Professor – History, Carleton University
Interest: Global South – particularly Africa and the Caribbean
Head – Historical Section at Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada
Interests: Canadian foreign assistance / aid / Cold War Humanitarianism
Marie Michèle Doucet
Interests: Recent PhD at the Université de Montréal. Work on French women’s humanitarian aid in Germany after the Great War. My work on this subject as been presented at the international conference Vivere la guerra. Pensare la pace (1914-1921). Le espierienze delle donne, il pensiero feminista e la relazioni internazionali in Venice, Italy, in November 2014 and will soon be published under the title “Helping the German Children : French Humanitarian Aid and Franco-German Reconciliation After the Great War (1919-1925)” in a collective book at Cambridge Scholar Publishing (2015).
PhD Candidate – History, McGill University
Interests: British Red Cross, Christian Aid, Oxfam /Save the Children
Graduate Student, Faculty of Education, Western University (Canada)
Interests: Children’s rights, Social context of education and the relationship between education, architecture, and space. Her current research explores how education and architecture intersect in humanitarian contexts. In addition to research, Ksenia collaborates with non-profit organizations such as “Architects without Borders” (Spain) and “TECHO” (Panama).
John W. Foster
Professor – Sociology / Former Director Oxfam Canada, Carleton University; Participant observer of Canadian-based international development NGOs; participant observer of Canadian organizations dealing with international human rights and the UN system; participant observer of international solidarity movements focused particularly on Latin America. I am currently teaching (distance education) in International Studies and Justice Studies at the University of Regina, while based in Ottawa.
Interests: Globalization and Human Rights / Religion and Humanitarianism. Collaborator with researchers in Halifax, Fredericton, Toronto and Ottawa in a collective history of the thirty year experience of the Latin American Working Group (1966-96), based in Toronto.
Post doctoral fellow, SOAS, London
Interests: Humanitarian aid in India, post-famine conditions and the post-partition decade in Bengal (India) 1945-59, documents related to politics of relief and distribution of food supplies.
Project Officer at CARE Canada
Interests: Coordinator of PAGER, the Policy Action Group for Emergency Response, a 32 member agency which includes all major operational humanitarian organisations with Canada.
Department of History – University of PEI, and Volunteer archives assistant, Canadian Red Cross
Interests: History of the Red Cross in Canada
Universities of Geneva and Lausanne (Switzerland).
Interests: An historian and media scholar with a strong interest in the visual culture of humanitarian action and photography in particular. Areas of research are related to the history of communication and humanitarian action and to the evolution and uses of photojournalism in modern times. She has been conducting research on the history and media coverage of famines, and on the link between citizen photojournalism, (eye)witnessing and advocacy strategies in humanitarian settings. She is currently working on a research project related to the shift between amateur to professional imagery among relief agencies (1860s-1960s) and their activist use of images.
Joseph Morgan Hodge
Assistant Professor – History, West Virginia University
Interests: I am interested in the history of international development and its relationship with European colonial empires, especially British colonial development policies and practices in the twentieth century. I have written on the role of experts and expertise in the history British colonial development and its legacies: Triumph of the Expert: Agrarian Doctrines of Development and the Legacies of British Colonialism (Ohio UP, 2007). I have also co-edited two related collections: (with Brett Bennett), Science and Empire: Knowledge and Networks of Science across the British Empire, 1800-1970 (2011); and (with Gerald Hodl and Martine Kopf), Developing Africa: Concepts and Practices in twentieth-century colonialism (2014).
Professor – Political Science, Carleton University
Interests: International Government / Global Civil Society
Professor -History, Carleton University
Interest: International history of the diplomatic, economic, social, intellectual, and transnational filaments that crossed the north Atlantic in the generation before the war.
PhD in Global Governance, Balsillie School of International Affairs, Wilfred Laurier University
Interests: Structural and political challenges hampering the effective delivery of humanitarian aid to victims of disaster relief. Making humanitarian aid governance more effective in light of evident challenges and political friction around humanitarian aid.
Kreutzer recently co-authored”Two Solitudes: how closed health networks facilitated the spread of Ebola in West Africa’s fragile states;” “Peacebuilding and Reconstruction Polls in the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo;” and “Surgical Non-Governmental Organizations: Global Surgery’s Unknown Nonprofit Sector.”
Senior Communications Officer – WUSC
Professor – History, University of British Columbia
Interests: Forced relocation, community / regional development
Postdoctoral fellow – Dartmouth College in the Department of Geography
Interests: The first US occupation of Haiti (1915-1934) and the failure of the humanitarian mandates associated with it.
Manager – Program Development Unit, Oxfam Canada
Interest: Understanding humanitarian history allows us to make more informed humanitarian choices today.
Professor – History, McGill University
Interest: Relationship between humanitarian aid and refugee movements.
Recent graduate – History, Carleton University
Interests: Urban transnationalism, pacifism, gender, and internationalism.
Archivist – Library and Archives Canada
Interest: Social justice portfolio at LAC
PhD Candidate – History, Carleton University
Interests: Canadian Peace Movement / Gender / Humanitarianism
Professor – History, Carleton University
Interests: History of Oxfam / Children’s Rights/Save the Children International, League of Nations
PhD in Global Governance, Balsillie School of International Affairs, University of Waterloo
Interests: Humanitarianism in Haiti, humanitarian transformations over the 19th and 20th centuries, and the inscription of security discourse into the work of contemporary NGOs/humanitarians.
Canadian and Quebec International History, Professeur adjoint, Dept. of History, Université de Montréal
Interests: As a historian, my goal is to draw on cultural history, social history and postcolonial studies to acquire and pass along a deeper understanding of the way in which the respective positions of Canada and Quebec in the world have evolved, and how their international activities (governmental and non-governmental) have shaped and been shaped by the experiences of the peoples living in the northern half of North America.
Dr. Meren’s monograph, With Friends Like These: Entangled Nationalisms and the Canada-Québec-France Triangle, 1944-1970 (UBC Press, 2012), examined the complex three-way dynamic between Canada, Quebec and France, in the broader context of globalization. This book was part of his efforts to shed light on the question of empires in Canadian and Quebec international history. This research also led Dr. Meren to explore the concept of “nationhood” in an increasingly globalized world and, hence, the efforts to manage the many overlapping identities it encompasses.
In addition to co-editing a collective publication exploring Canadian international history from the perspective of race, his current research focuses on the history of Canadian foreign aid since 1945 and its connections with relations between Indigenous peoples and Canada.
Department of Canadian Heritage
Interests: International development, human rights and refugee policy
PhD Candidate in History/Migration and Ethnic Relations at Western University
Interests: Resettlement of Ugandan Asian refugees in Canada between 1972 and 1974, using archival research and oral histories to capture the experiences of refugees who have transitioned into becoming active Canadian citizens.
Associate professor – Carleton University
Interests: History of marketing in not-for-profit institutions including NGOs and humanitarian aid organizations. Previous research has examined the nature of charitable donations and fundraising strategies in Canada, along with examining advertising strategies used by Plan Canada to recruit foster parents.
Associate Professor and Director of Canadian Studies — Mount Allison University, New Brunswick
Professor – History, National University Ireland – Galway
Interests: Globalization, Humanitarianism, Identity
PhD Candidate – History, University of Laval
Interests: History of youth Red Cross, during the years 1914-1945, in a comparative perspective (North America, South America and Europe).
John D. Pringle
Postdoctoral fellow – Humanitarian Health Ethics, McGill University.
Interests: As a healthcare professional and researcher, I am committed to health equity through primary healthcare, social justice and global health. I value ethical practice, critical thinking and life-long learning. My focus is on critical theory, humanitarianism and global health ethics. I take a critical approach to the role of humanitarianism under global capitalism, finding a Foucauldian approach particularly valuable.
Professor – Philanthropy and Nonprofit Leadership, Carleton University
Interests: Accountability of private transnational entities with an emphasis on transnational NGOs/nonprofits. NGO governance issues, Nonprofit leadership, transnational activism, private-private governance systems as well as qualitative and mixed-methodologies.
Associate Professor, Marywood University, Scranton, Pennsylvania
Interests: American and Canadian church-affiliated aid organizations in the DR Congo in the 1960s and 1970s.
Chris W.J. Roberts
PhD ABD, University of Calgary; Instructor, Political Science, University of Calgary
Interests: Chris Roberts is president of African Access Consulting and Director and VP of the Canadian Council on Africa. He has an interest in comparative politics specializing in African Politics and Development as well as an interest in International Relations, specializing in Canadian foreign and defense policy in general, and foreign intervention in Africa. For a more detailed biography, please visit Roberts’ website. For Roberts’ bibliography, please see the CNHH Collective Bibliography or else visit Roberts’ website for a more comprehensive bibliographic listing.
Interests: Trained as a gender and sexuality historian, Beth Robertson specializes in the history of marginal science, medicine and technology. Her current undertaking is a history of technology and persons who are blind or partially sighted from a transnational perspective. This endevour seeks to collect archival and oral histories from the Canadian National Institute of the Blind and other international NGOs. Her book, entitled Possessed by Science: Gender, Embodiment and Psychichal Research, 1918-1940 is anticipated to be released in the Fall of 2016. Other interests include the history of surveillance, computing, madness studies and the digital humanities. She is one of the co-editors of ActiveHistory.ca.
Webster Universtiy, Geneva
Interests: NGOs and humanitarian action. Attempting now to protect the archives of french humanitarian NGOs with the goal to write an history of French NGOs and the “Sans-Frontierisme.” Worked for 20 years as Head of Legal Dpt of Médecins du monde France and wrote several French language books about humanitarianism. Currently, retired from Médecins du monde and teaching at Webster University in Geneva (CH). Also working on philanthropy and the World War I. With french friends we try to set up a protection of archives of french NGOs in the field of the “sans frontièrisme”.
Professor – Human Rights, Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies, Carleton University
Interests: Social movements and political strategy; communities, citizens, and publics; public goods, commodification, and decommodification; radical political economy; “global citizenship” and solidarity movements; the U.S. Peace Corps; “culture shock” and aid work.
PhD candidate – History, Universtiy of Western Ontario, London, Canada
Interests: The history and nature of Humanitarian aid fundamentally shapes the narrative of Ethiopian history in the latter half of the twentieth century. The study of humanitarian aid is inherently transnational and is reflective of national and global, economic and social developments. I am interested in the dichotomies that are presented in the narrative(s) of benevolence and beneficiaries, benefactors and recipients. Humanitarian aid embodies a humanistic ethos, at the same time as it is situated in a complex geo-political and cultural world order.
PhD Candidate – History, Carleton University
Interests: History of missions / NGOs / Cold War Aid
PhD International Relations (Westminster University), MSc Development Administration and Planning (University of Bristol)
Biographical Note and Interests: Michela Telatin holds a PhD in International Relations from Westminster University in London, UK and is a seasoned humanitarian manager. Her research interest include management of humanitarian issues by humanitarian and political actors, the link between development and security, and Security Sector Reform. Dr. Telatin has taught extensively in the UK, Switzerland, and Italy. Her publications include: The Development-Security Nexus and Security Sector Reform (2014), The Development-Security Nexus Policies in Afghanistan (Croation International Relations Review, 2010), EU SSR in Guinea Bissau (Portuguese Journal of International Affairs, 2009).
Professor, History, Dalhousie University
Interests: Modern Canadian history, Socio-political history, Taxation history, Gender and women’s history, Canadian history. A point of connection between my current research and humanitarian aid is that arguments about excessive federal taxation in the 1950s and early 1960s frequently refer to federal govt spending on international aid as a prime example of unjustified spending. Though I’m not likely to pursue the interpretation of that fact myself, I’ll be interested to see what develops around this question of Canadians’ conception of their international obligations.
Adjunct Professor – IDS and Research Fellow, Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, Dalhousie University, Executive Director Aidwatch
Interests: International development, NGOs in development cooperation, Canadian and global aid trends. I have worked for the past 40 years within the Canadian international civil society community, the last 15 years up to 2011 as senior policy analyst for the Canadian Council for International Cooperation. I am currently the Executive Director of AidWatch Canada, a very small CSO focusing on analysis of trends in Canadian and global aid. In this capacity, I am engaged at the global level, co-chairing a multi-stakeholder Task Team on issues relating to closing space for civil society as development actors. I work closely with CCIC and some of its members on analysis of Canadian aid trends. With Betty Plewes, we contributed a chapter to the 2013 edition of Canada Among Nations on a short history of “Canadian CSOs in Africa: The end of an era?”. As a Board member of the Atlantic Council for International Cooperation, we are currently reconstructing key moments in the history of solidarity and internationalism in the Atlantic Region to commemorate the 40th anniversary of ACIC.
Julia Van Drie (RA)
Undergraduate Student, Carleton University
Interests: Globalization, Humanitarian aid, Religion and Conflict, and Canadian domestic and international policy.
Deanne Van Tol
Assistant Professor, Redeemer College University
Interests: Histories of humanitarianism, welfare, gender and empire in 20th century sub-Saharan Africa.
Professor – History, Bishops University
Interests: Currently I am writing a book on Canadian development advisors in Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Malaysia, Cambodia, and Burma) from 1945 to 1965.
Related publications: Fire and the Full Moon: Canada and Indonesia in a Decolonizing World (UBC Press, 2009); “Development Advisors in a Time of Cold War and Decolonization: The UN Technical Assistance Administration, 1950-1959,” Journal of Global History 6 no. 2 (2011): 249-272; “Modern Missionaries: Canadian Postwar Technical Assistance Advisors in Southeast Asia,” Journal of the Canadian Historical Association 20 no. 2 (2009): 86-111. Upcoming at the 2015 CHA: “The CCF beyond the seas: Canadian social democrats as development advisors in Southeast Asia, 1950-1965.
PhD Candidate – York University
Interests: History of Missions / Nursing History
Humanitarian Aid Practitioner – Oxfam Canada