Members

Members of the Canadian Network on Humanitarian History

Siobhan Airey

PhD candidate – International Law, University of Ottawa

Email: sairey@uottawa.ca

Website: http://sairey@acuitas.ca(personal

Interests: The nature of the international legal framework governing official development assistance (IDCL – international law of development co-operation). Critical and post-colonial perspectives on international law. I am completing my doctorate in international law on the nature of the international legal framework governing official development assistance (IDCL – international law of development co-operation). My research draws from critical and post-colonial perspectives on international law. As part of my research, I aim to demonstrate how the contemporary legal framework on IDCL has its origins in the colonial era. I explore this through an examination of the EU’s legal aid architecture, and specifically in relation to the Cotonou Partnership Agreement.

Jennifer Anderson

Historian at the Canadian Museum of History in Gatineau, Québec.

Email: jennifer.anderson@historymuseum.ca 

Interests: Humanitarian History as it applies to public history initiatives (museum/archival exhibits, virtual exhibits, films, etc.) and possibilities for the collection of related 3-D material culture (artifacts).

Stephanie Bangarth

Professor – History, Kings / University of Western Ontario

Email: sbangar@uwo.ca

Website: http://www.kings.uwo.ca/academics/kings-faculty/faculty-biographies/stephanie-bangarth/

Interests: Human rights / Canadian Humanitarianism/ Publishing on Canada and Biafra shortly in a forthcoming collection

Eleanor Barney

Undergraduate Research Assistant, Carleton University

Email: eleanorbarney@cmail.carleton.ca

Interests:  Eleanor Barney is participating in the History Practicum internship course.  Her current research goal is to provide a report of the history of the Partnership Africa Canada (PAC) to the Communications Director, Zuzia Danielski, for use with the group’s 30th anniversary plans.

Tarah Brookfield

Professor – Wilfrid Laurier University, History and Youth & Children’s Studies

Email: tbrookfield@wlu.ca

Website: http://www.wlu.ca/homepage.php?grp_id=12103&f_id=37

Interests: How Canadian women have worked with and against the state to improve women’s rights, advocate for peace, and increase the safety of children and families endangered by militarization during the World Wars and Cold War

Meyer Brownstone

Professor Emeritus political economy – University of Toronto, former Director of Oxfam

Email: meyerb@look.ca

Interests: Long time chair of Oxfam Canada and Vice Chair of Oxfam international, political economist; extensive experience in the conceptualization of humanitarian aid and its application. I am interested in both humanitarian aid as it and its elements (food, shelter, health etc.)  are normally defined,  but also in a more extensive linkage between this and broader human rights (gender equality, security/protection, sexual orientation, empowerment etc.)  with the latter as an integral element in the content of aid.

Kevin Brushett

Professor – History, Royal Military College

Email: Kevin.Brushett@rmc.ca

Website: http://www.rmc.ca/aca/his/per/index-eng.php

Interests: Canadian Cultural / Diplomatic history of Humanitarianism

Matthew Bunch

Independent Researcher, Founder – Freedom From Hunger Project

Email: mattjbunch@gmail.com

Website: http://freedomfromhungerproject.weebly.com/

Interests: Development of international humanitarianism in Canada and internationally since 1960. FAO’s Freedom From Hunger Campaign (FFHC),  Canadian Hunger Foundation (CHF) and  proliferation of NGOs as a result of FFHC and CHF.  Narrative arc of international development movements and popular campaigns to raise awareness on the problem of hunger and poverty.  I operate a voluntary research and outreach project designed to commemorate and further the goals of FFHC and to combat hunger and poverty.

Isabel Campbell

Email: Isabel.Campbell@forces.gc.ca

Interests: International, Canadian history, military, naval history.  I’m interested in how military history intersects with humanitarianism and negotiating the boundaries of public debate with respect to conflict and social well-being.

Jill Campbell-Miller

Part time professor – History, St. Mary’s University

Email: jmscampb@uwaterloo.ca

Website: http://www.triuhistory.ca/jill-campbell-miller/

Interests: Canadian foreign assistance / aid / Cold War Humanitarianism

Elise Carlson-Rainer

PhD candidate, University of Washington in Seattle.

Email: eacr@uw.edu

Interest:  I am a former diplomat working on human rights in the U.S. Department of State and humanitarian assistance in the U.S. Agency for International Development.

Christine Chisholm

PhD Candidate – History, Carleton University

Email: ChristineKrause@cmail.carleton.ca

Website: http://carleton.ca/history/people/christine-chisholm/

Interests: Christine’s focus is on the negative impact of the drug thalidomide on Ghana, which was marketed from the mid-1950s to late 1961 by the German company Grünenthal as medication to alleviate morning sickness in pregnant women.

Dominique Clément

Associate Professor – University of Alberta

Email: dominique.clement@ualberta.ca

About: Dominique Clément is an Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of Alberta and an Adjunct Professor in the Departments of History & Classics and Educational Policy Studies. He is the author of Canada’s Rights Revolution, Equality Deferred and Human Rights in Canada. He is also the co-editor for Alberta’s Human Rights Story and Debating Dissent. Clément has been a Visiting Scholar in Australia and the United Kingdom, and is the author of numerous articles on the history of human rights, social movements and women’s history. He has consulted for the Canadian Human Rights Commission, Canadian Museum for Human Rights and the Canadian Heritage Information Network, and is currently on the Board of Directors for the Canadian Civil Liberties Association, Association for Canadian Studies, L’Institut d’études canadiennes de l’Université de l’Alberta, Centre for Constitutional Studies and the Canadian Committee on Women’s History. Clément manages an expansive website, www.HistoryOfRights.ca, which serves as a research and teaching portal on the history of human rights in Canada.

Ted Cogan

PhD candidate – History, Guelph

Email: tcogan@uoguelph.ca

Website: http://www.triuhistory.ca/ted-cogan/

Interest: Natonal identity and popular perceptions of foreign aid in Canada since World War Two.

Ruth Compton Brouwer

Professor – History, University of Western Ontario

Email: rbrouwer@uwo.ca

Website: http://www.kings.uwo.ca/academics/kings-faculty/faculty-biographies/ruth-compton-brouwer/

Interests: History of CUSO / Mission History / Humanitarianism and Gender

Peter Conrad

MfA candidate, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario

Email: peter.conrad@ryerson.ca

Interests: I’m currently an MFA candidate in the Documentary Media program in the Yeates School of Graduate Studies at Ryerson University in Toronto. For my main research, I’m pursuing a documentary project related to building collective memory among former Salvadoran refugees, forced into camps in Honduras during the civil war between 1980 and 1991. As a starting point, I’m exploring the archival photographs and refugee accounts gathered by Meyer Brownstone, Chair Emeritus of Oxfam Canada, during his visits to those refugee camps in the 1980s. Project completion will be Summer 2017.

Works:  Find an early version of Peter’s current project here.

Lawrence Cummings

Former Director of Oxfam Canada and independent researcher

Email: lawrence.cumming@sympatico.ca

Sonya de Laat

PhD Candidate, Western University (formerly University of Western Ontario)

Email: delaat@mcmaster.ca and sdelaat2@uwo.ca

Website: http://www.humanitarianhealthethics.net

Interest: Research Coordinator in Humanitarian Health Ethics at McMaster University (John Pringle is a member of our extended team). My interests include cultural histories of visuals, particularly their roles in the constitution of humanitarian imaginations. I am exploring this claim in my dissertation through four case studies that reach back to the early days of photography and the inception of an international humanitarian movement. 

Audra Diptee

Professor – History, Carleton University

Email: audra.diptee@carleton.ca

Website: http://www.audradiptee.com

Interest: Global South – particularly Africa and the Caribbean

Greg Donaghy

Head – Historical Section at Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada

Email: greg.donaghy@international.gc.ca

Website: http://www.international.gc.ca/history-histoire/index.aspx

Interests: Canadian foreign assistance / aid / Cold War Humanitarianism

Marie Michèle Doucet

Email: marie.michele.doucet@gmail.com

Interests:  Recent PhD at the Université de Montréal. Work on French women’s humanitarian aid in Germany after the Great War.  My work on this subject as been presented at the international conference Vivere la guerra. Pensare la pace (1914-1921). Le espierienze delle donne, il pensiero feminista e la relazioni internazionali in Venice, Italy, in November 2014 and will soon be published under the title “Helping the German Children : French Humanitarian Aid and Franco-German Reconciliation After the Great War (1919-1925)” in a collective book at Cambridge Scholar Publishing (2015).  

Marie-Luise Ermisch

PhD Candidate – History, McGill University

Email: marie-luise.ermisch@mail.mcgill.ca

Website: https://www.mcgill.ca/history/graduate/phd/directory#Africa

Interests: British Red Cross, Christian Aid, Oxfam /Save the Children

John W. Foster

Professor – Sociology / Former Director Oxfam Canada, Carleton University; Participant observer of Canadian-based international development NGOs; participant observer of Canadian organizations dealing with international human rights and the UN system; participant observer of international solidarity movements focused particularly on Latin America. I am currently teaching (distance education) in International Studies and Justice Studies at the University of Regina, while based in Ottawa.

Email: john491@sympatico.ca

Interests: Globalization and Human Rights / Religion and Humanitarianism.  Collaborator with researchers in Halifax, Fredericton, Toronto and Ottawa in a collective history of the thirty year experience of the Latin American Working Group (1966-96), based in Toronto.

Sanjukta Ghosh

Post doctoral fellow, SOAS, London

Email: sanjukta36@hotmail.com

Interests: Humanitarian aid in India, post-famine conditions and the post-partition decade in Bengal (India) 1945-59, documents related to politics of relief and distribution of food supplies.

Brooke Gibbons

Project Officer at CARE Canada

Email: brooke.gibbons@care.ca

Website: http://care.ca/

Interests: Coordinator of PAGER, the Policy Action Group for Emergency Response, a 32 member agency which includes all major operational humanitarian organisations with Canada.

Sarah Glassford

Department of History – University of PEI, and Volunteer archives assistant, Canadian Red Cross

Email: scglassf@hotmail.com

Website: http://upei.academia.edu/SarahGlassford

Interests: History of the Red Cross in Canada

 Joseph Morgan Hodge

Assistant Professor – History, West Virginia University

Email: joseph.hodge@mail.wvu.edu

Website: http://history.wvu.edu/faculty/current-faculty/joseph-hodge

Interests: I am interested in the history of international development and its relationship with European colonial empires, especially British colonial development policies and practices in the twentieth century. I have written on the role of experts and expertise in the history British colonial development and its legacies: Triumph of the Expert: Agrarian Doctrines of Development and the Legacies of British Colonialism (Ohio UP, 2007).  I have also co-edited two related collections: (with Brett Bennett), Science and Empire: Knowledge and Networks of Science across the British Empire, 1800-1970 (2011); and (with Gerald Hodl and Martine Kopf), Developing Africa: Concepts and Practices in twentieth-century colonialism (2014).

Hans-Martin Jaeger

Professor – Political Science, Carleton University

Email: hansmartin.jaeger@carleton.ca

Website: http://carleton.ca/polisci/people/jaeger-hans-martin/

Interests: International Government / Global Civil Society

Andrew Johnston

Professor -History, Carleton University

Email: andrew_johnston@carleton.ca

Website: http://www.carleton.ca/history/people/andrew-m-johnston/

Interest: International history of the diplomatic, economic, social, intellectual, and transnational filaments that crossed the north Atlantic in the generation before the war.

Tina Loo

Professor – History, University of British Columbia

Email: tinaloo@mail.ubc.ca

Website: http://www.history.ubc.ca/people/tina-loo

Interests: Forced relocation, community / regional development

Patricia Lopez

Postdoctoral fellow – Dartmouth College in the Department of Geography

Email: Patricia.J.Lopez@dartmouth.edu

Interests: The first US occupation of Haiti (1915-1934) and the failure of the humanitarian mandates associated with it.

Jim MacKinnon

Manager – Program Development Unit, Oxfam Canada

Email: jimmac@oxfam.ca

Website: http://oxfam.ca

Interest: Understanding humanitarian history allows us to make more informed humanitarian choices today.

Laura Madokoro

Professor – History, McGill University

Email: laura.madokoro@mcgill.ca

Website: https://www.mcgill.ca/history/laura-madokoro

Interest:  Relationship between humanitarian aid and refugee movements.

Maureen Mahoney

Recent graduate – History, Carleton University

Email: maureenanne.mahoney@gmail.com

Interests: Urban transnationalism, pacifism, gender, and internationalism.

Zehra Manawi

Archivist – Library and Archives Canada

Email: zehra.mawani@bac-lac.gc.ca

Interest: Social justice portfolio at LAC

Nicole Marion

PhD Candidate – History, Carleton University

Email: nicolemarion@cmail.carleton.ca

Website: http://carleton.ca/history/people/nicole-marion/

Interests: Canadian Peace Movement / Gender / Humanitarianism

Dominique Marshall

Professor – History, Carleton University

Email: dominique.marshall@carleton.ca

Website: https://domarsha.wordpress.com/

Interests: History of Oxfam / Children’s Rights/Save the Children International, League of Nations

David Meinen

MA Student – Legal Studies, Carleton University

Email: david.meinen@carleton.ca

Website: http://davidmeinen.wordpress.com

Interests:  Humanitarianism in Haiti, humanitarian transformations over the 19th and 20th centuries, and the inscription of security discourse into the work of contemporary NGOs/humanitarians.

David Meren

Canadian and Quebec International History, Professeur adjoint, Dept. of History, Université de Montréal

Email: david.meren@umontreal.ca

Interests: As a historian, my goal is to draw on cultural history, social history and postcolonial studies to acquire and pass along a deeper understanding of the way in which the respective positions of Canada and Quebec in the world have evolved, and how their international activities (governmental and non-governmental) have shaped and been shaped by the experiences of the peoples living in the northern half of North America.

Dr. Meren’s monograph, With Friends Like These: Entangled Nationalisms and the Canada-Québec-France Triangle, 1944-1970 (UBC Press, 2012), examined the complex three-way dynamic between Canada, Quebec and France, in the broader context of globalization. This book was part of his efforts to shed light on the question of empires in Canadian and Quebec international history. This research also led Dr. Meren to explore the concept of “nationhood” in an increasingly globalized world and, hence, the efforts to manage the many overlapping identities it encompasses.

In addition to co-editing a collective publication exploring Canadian international history from the perspective of race, his current research focuses on the history of Canadian foreign aid since 1945 and its connections with relations between Indigenous peoples and Canada.

Anthony Michel

Department of Canadian Heritage

Email: anthonypmichel@gmail.com

Interests: International development, human rights and refugee policy

Shezan Muhammedi

PhD Candidate in History/Migration and Ethnic Relations at Western University

Email: smuhamme@uwo.ca

Interests:  Resettlement of Ugandan Asian refugees in Canada between 1972 and 1974, using archival research and oral histories to capture the experiences of refugees who have transitioned into becoming active Canadian citizens.

Stephanie Needham

Communications Coordinator – MATCH International

Email: sneedham@matchinternational.org

Website: http://matchinternational.org

Leighann Neilson

Associate professor – Carleton University

Email: leighann.neilson@carleton.ca

Website: http://sprott.carleton.ca/directory/neilson-leighann/

Interests: History of marketing in not-for-profit institutions including NGOs and humanitarian aid organizations.  Previous research has examined the nature of charitable donations and fundraising strategies in Canada, along with examining advertising strategies used by Plan Canada to recruit foster parents.

Kevin O’Sullivan

Professor – History, National University Ireland – Galway

Email: kevin.k.osullivan@nuigalway.ie

Website: http://www.nuigalway.ie/our-research/people/humanities/kevinkosullivan/

Interests: Globalization, Humanitarianism, Identity

Andrée-Anne Plourde

PhD Candidate – History, University of Laval

Email: andree-anne.plourde.2@ulaval.ca

Interests: History of youth Red Cross, during the years 1914-1945, in a comparative perspective (North America, South America and Europe).

John D. Pringle

Postdoctoral fellow – Humanitarian Health Ethics, McGill University.

Email: johndpringle@gmail.com

Website: https://ca.linkedin.com/in/johndpringle

Interests: As a healthcare professional and researcher, I am committed to health equity through primary healthcare, social justice and global health. I value ethical practice, critical thinking and life-long learning. My focus is on critical theory, humanitarianism and global health ethics.  I take a critical approach to the role of humanitarianism under global capitalism, finding a Foucauldian approach particularly valuable. 

Paloma Raggo

Professor – Philanthropy and Nonprofit Leadership, Carleton University

Email: Paloma.Raggo@carleton.ca

Website: http://www.carleton.ca/sppa/people/raggo-paloma/

Interests: Accountability of private transnational entities with an emphasis on transnational NGOs/nonprofits. NGO governance issues, Nonprofit leadership, transnational activism, private-private governance systems as well as qualitative and mixed-methodologies.

Jeremy Rich

Associate Professor, Marywood University, Scranton, Pennsylvania

Email: jrich@marywood.edu

Interests: American and Canadian church-affiliated aid organizations in the DR Congo in the 1960s and 1970s.

Chris W.J. Roberts

PhD ABD, University of Calgary; Instructor, Political Science, University of Calgary

Email: cwrobert@ualberta.ca

Website: cwjroberts.com

Interests:  Chris Roberts is president of African Access Consulting and Director and VP of the Canadian Council on Africa.  He has an interest in comparative politics specializing in African Politics and Development as well as an interest in International Relations, specializing in Canadian foreign and defense policy in general, and foreign intervention in Africa.  For a more detailed biography, please visit Roberts’ websiteFor Roberts’ bibliography, please see the CNHH Collective Bibliography or else visit Roberts’ website for a more comprehensive bibliographic listing.

Beth Robertson

Carleton University

Email: bethrobertson@cmail.carleton.ca

Website:  bethrobertson33.wordpress.com

Interests:  Trained as a gender and sexuality historian, Beth Robertson specializes in the history of marginal science, medicine and technology.  Her current undertaking is a history of technology and persons who are blind or partially sighted from a transnational perspective.  This endevour seeks to collect archival and oral histories from the Canadian National Institute of the Blind and other international NGOs.  Her book, entitled Possessed by Science: Gender, Embodiment and Psychichal Research, 1918-1940 is anticipated to be released in the Fall of 2016.  Other interests include the history of surveillance, computing, madness studies and the digital humanities.  She is one of the co-editors of ActiveHistory.ca.

Francisco Rubio

Webster Universtiy, Geneva

Email: friscorubi@yahoo.fr

Interests: NGOs and humanitarian action.  Attempting now to protect the archives of french humanitarian NGOs with the goal to write an history of French NGOs and the “Sans-Frontierisme.”  Worked for 20 years as Head of Legal Dpt of Médecins du monde France and wrote several French language books about humanitarianism. Currently, retired from Médecins du monde and teaching at Webster University in Geneva (CH).  Also working on philanthropy and the World War I.  With french friends we try to set up a protection of archives of french NGOs in the field of the “sans frontièrisme”.

Rebecca Schein

Professor – Human Rights, Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies, Carleton University

Email: Rebecca_Schein@carleton.ca

Interests: Social movements and political strategy; communities, citizens, and publics; public goods, commodification, and decommodification; radical political economy; “global citizenship” and solidarity movements; the U.S. Peace Corps; “culture shock” and aid work.

Nassisse Solomon

PhD candidate – History, Universtiy of Western Ontario, London, Canada

Email: Nassisse@gmail.com

Interests: The history and nature of Humanitarian aid fundamentally shapes the narrative of Ethiopian history in the latter half of the twentieth century. The study of humanitarian aid is inherently transnational and is reflective of national and global, economic and social developments. I am interested in the dichotomies that are presented in the narrative(s) of benevolence and  beneficiaries, benefactors and recipients. Humanitarian aid embodies a humanistic ethos, at the same time as it is situated in a complex geo-political and cultural  world order.

Will Tait

PhD Candidate – History, Carleton University

Email: williamtait2@cmail.carleton.ca

Interests: History of missions / NGOs / Cold War Aid

Michela Telatin

PhD International Relations (Westminster University), MSc Development Administration and Planning (University of Bristol)

Email: mtelatin@yahoo.com

Biographical Note and Interests:  Michela Telatin holds a PhD in International Relations from Westminster University in London, UK and is a seasoned humanitarian manager.  Her research interest include management of humanitarian issues by humanitarian and political actors, the link between development and security, and Security Sector Reform.  Dr. Telatin has taught extensively in the UK, Switzerland, and Italy.  Her publications include: The Development-Security Nexus and Security Sector Reform (2014), The Development-Security Nexus Policies in Afghanistan (Croation International Relations Review, 2010), EU SSR in Guinea Bissau (Portuguese Journal of International Affairs, 2009).

Shirley Tillotson

Professor, History, Dalhousie University

Email: stillots@dal.ca

Interests: Modern Canadian history, Socio-political history, Taxation history, Gender and women’s history, Canadian history.  A point of connection between my current research and humanitarian aid is that arguments about excessive federal taxation in the 1950s and early 1960s frequently refer to federal govt spending on international aid as a prime example of unjustified spending. Though I’m not likely to pursue the interpretation of that fact myself, I’ll be interested to see what develops around this question of Canadians’ conception of their international obligations.

Brian Tomlinson

Adjunct Professor – IDS and Research Fellow, Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, Dalhousie University, Executive Director Aidwatch

Email: brian.t.tomlinson@gmail.com

Interests: International development, NGOs in development cooperation, Canadian and global aid trends.  I have worked for the past 40 years within the Canadian international civil society community, the last 15 years up to 2011 as senior policy analyst for the Canadian Council for International Cooperation. I am currently the Executive Director of AidWatch Canada, a very small CSO focusing on analysis of trends in Canadian and global aid. In this capacity, I am engaged at the global level, co-chairing a multi-stakeholder Task Team on issues relating to closing space for civil society as development actors. I work closely with CCIC and some of its members on analysis of Canadian aid trends. With Betty Plewes, we contributed a chapter to the 2013 edition of Canada Among Nations on a short history of “Canadian CSOs in Africa: The end of an era?”. As a Board member of the Atlantic Council for International Cooperation, we are currently reconstructing key moments in the history of solidarity and internationalism in the Atlantic Region to commemorate the 40th anniversary of ACIC.

David Webster

Professor – History, Bishops University

Email: dwebster@ubishops.ca

Website: http://davidwebster.wordpress.com

Interests: Currently I am writing a book on Canadian development advisors in Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Malaysia, Cambodia, and Burma) from 1945 to 1965.

Related publications: Fire and the Full Moon: Canada and Indonesia in a  Decolonizing World (UBC Press, 2009); “Development Advisors in a Time of Cold War and Decolonization: The UN Technical Assistance Administration, 1950-1959,” Journal of Global History 6 no. 2 (2011): 249-272; “Modern Missionaries: Canadian Postwar Technical Assistance Advisors in Southeast Asia,” Journal of the Canadian Historical Association 20 no. 2 (2009): 86-111. Upcoming at the 2015 CHA: “The CCF beyond the seas: Canadian social democrats as development advisors in Southeast Asia, 1950-1965.

Lydia Witenbroek

PhD Candidate – York University

Email:  lydia.wytenbroek@gmail.com

Interests: History of Missions / Nursing History

Ann Witteveen

Humanitarian Aid Practitioner – Oxfam Canada

Email: ann.witteveen@oxfam.ca

Website: http://www.oxfam.ca/